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Cut

There are a handful of ways that veneer is cut from a log, each producing its own effects in the grain. Single logs could be cut in several different ways resulting in different looking veneers. Whether you're looking for a dramatic cathedral grain or a minimalist stripe, it's all in the cut.

Character marks are part of the dappled beauty and authenticity of natural materials, unrepeatable in man-made surfaces. Often marks highly desired by some are considered defects by others. For many designers, the natural appeal of veneer is in its irregularity—the marks that tell the tree’s unique history over decades. The general appearance of the veneer and its character is considered in the grading process which can be somewhat subjective. Below are some of the terms describing common character marks found in veneer.

Figure is the surface effect of grain and color patterns produced by the natural patterns of growth or biological "defects" in the tree. Not all species produce figured wood, and the effects are variable from log to log. Logs with strong, consistent figure often price higher. Some, like burls or bird's eye, are rare and are cut from a small part of the log which increases cost.  Figure is influenced both by the specie and how the veneer is cut.

Grain is formed by the tree’s annual growth rings—it’s tight in slow growing trees, widely spaced in fast growth, and variably spaced in trees that grow differently at different times of the year. In veneer, grain appears as the long lines that typically run parallel to each other down the length of the leaf or panel. Grain varies based on the specie, the way it’s cut, and whether or not the veneer is figured. Grain can be described in several ways and some of the most common are defined below.

The matching method specified will determine how individual veneer leaves are laid up in a panel.  There are generally two matching processes that occur.  Veneer matching occurs first and dictates the way leaves are joined together within a face.  Panel matching is then used to define the way panels are matched to each other in the project. The matches chosen can have dramatic effect on the look of veneer and on the yield required. Veneer matching effects vary depending on the species, cut, size of the leaves, and the unique qualities of figure and grain in the log.

Wood veneer is sliced from the log in various methods, dried and used as a natural and sustainable product in a wide array of industries.  With a history dating back to the Egyptians, veneer has enriched architectural projects for centuries.  Only logs with specific characteristics are selected to produce veneer – it is estimated that less than 5% of all logs harvested are of veneer quality.  Raw veneer can be used and finished in many different ways to provide a unique natural effect.  Veneer can also be processed and treated to provide additional unique features.  The most common processes and treatments are described below.

A sequence is a set of veneer leaves that have been sliced and stacked in the order in which they were cut from the log. The number of leaves in a sequence varies by species, cut, grain-orientation, and yield of the log.

In many instances, such as the door and stock panel markets, sequencing is not required for certain graded demands. In some of the commercial, higher volume graded markets, no two doors have to look alike, nor do panels in the stock panel world. Most architectural projects however require sequenced material to achieve the aesthetic and design intent of the project. Maintaining the exact sequence of veneer leaves is critical to producing high quality panels for architectural use. Leaves that are out of sequence can produce irregular pattern and color variance that can be very apparent on the finished product. Our quality control processes are designed to prevent this. When we receive a shipment of veneer, we put every log that requires sequencing on our grading tables prior to running it through our measuring line. It’s not uncommon to find errors in sequencing that could create big problems and significant delays farther into the process.

Reference guide of terms used throughout this website and the wood veneer industry; i.e. Bee’s Wing, Book Matching, Cluster, Controlled Wood, Face, Flitch, Fumed, Mottle, Panel Matching, Pecky, Slip Matching, Specification, etc.

Our inventory includes over seventy species, each with unique characteristics and a wide array of variation. The selection process can often be overwhelming and consideration should be given to the following when selecting veneer:

Fine wood interiors begin with the selection of veneers that fit the project being designed. Key consideration should be given to the following when designing with veneer:

 Veneer color tone can vary greatly by species and within the species depending on its cut, preparation and the natural growth process. The spectrum below gives a general visual of this variance and can be used to assist in the veneer search.

The way a veneer is cut is an important factor in providing a variety of visual effects. There are several methods of cutting veneer and the most popular are shown below to assist in searching for the right look for your project.

Dooge Veneers provides robust support to assist you in project planning with veneer. Since our inception in 1977 we have successfully supplied veneer for thousands of design projects and woodworking industry manufacturers. Our investment in support is on-going and includes:

Dooge Veneers believes in ensuring long-term preservation of the world’s forests through supporting responsible production and market distribution.  We believe sustainability occurs when government policy-makers, universally approved stewardship and conservation organizations, and the global forestry industry work together responsibly.  That’s why we support and promote the work of organizations committed to finding collaborative, responsible solutions to the problems of deforestation–organizations like the Forest Stewardship Council, the Hardwood Forestry Fund, and the U.S.

Assisting you in achieving LEED certification with wood veneers is a service we provide every day. Our Sales team has the most experience in the industry and we take an active role in assisting you with sustainable design processes from beginning to end. When using wood veneer we recommend the following approach in LEED certified projects:

Dooge Veneers is committed to helping our customers achieve LEED certification for their projects. With an extensive history of sourcing veneers from around the world, our inventory of certified and controlled veneers is among the largest in the market.

Dooge Veneers believes in ensuring long-term preservation of the world’s forests through supporting responsible production and market distribution. We believe sustainability occurs when government policy-makers, universally approved stewardship and conservation organizations, and the global forestry industry work together responsibly.